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Posted on December 1, 2017 at 4:15 PM

What Is Schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia is a brain disorder that affects approximately 1% of the population. When this disorder is active there can be a wide variety of symptoms such as: delusions, hallucinations, trouble with thinking and concentration, and lack of motivation. There is still no cure for this disease but experts are trying to unravel the causes of this disease to produce more effective therapies.

Schizophrenia affects men and women equally but can possibly have an earlier onset in males. The rates in which it affects people can vary from ethnic groups around the world. Schizophrenia is considered a group of disorders where the causes of it and the symptoms can vary between each individual.


1. Positive psychotic symptoms: Hallucinations that involve; hearing voices, paranoid delusions, exaggerated or distorted perceptions, beliefs and behaviors.

2. Negative symptoms: A loss in the ability to make plans, speaking out loud, expressing emotion or finding pleasure.

3. Disorganization symptoms: Confused and disordered thinking and production of speech, complications with logical thinking and sometimes bizarre behavior along with abnormal movements.

4. Impaired cognition: Problems with attention span, concentration on things, memory, and decline in overall educational performance.

The symptoms if schizophrenia usually appears in early adulthood. Men tend to experience symptoms in their early 20s whereas women often first show these signs in their late 20s and early 30s.

Recovery and Rehabilitation

Treatment for this disorder can help individuals live productive and rewarding lifestyles. Once the symptoms of schizophrenia are at a controlled state, various types of therapy can continue to help people mage this illness and make drastic improvements in their lives. Therapy allows people with schizophrenia to learn social skills, cope with their stress, and locate early signs of relapse. Due to the early emergence of schizophrenia in adulthood, individuals who have been diagnosed with this disorder can use rehabilitation to help develop life management skills, complete educational training, and the ability to hold a job. It is also highly important for people living with schizophrenia receive constant emotional and material support from their family. Families must make sure they are provided with education, assistance, and support. This has been proven to show prevention of relapses and improve the overall mental health of the family as well as the person with schizophrenia.

Related Conditions

• Schizoaffective disorder

• Delusional disorder

• Brief psychotic disorder

• Schizophreniform disorder

• Catatonia

From https://www.psychiatry.org/patients-families/schizophrenia/what-is-schizophrenia © 2017

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